Linear Momentum 
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Elastic Collisions, equal mass

One cart is at rest when another cart of equal mass hits it. The momentum of the moving cart is transferred to the cart at rest. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Conservation of Energy 
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Loopdeloop

The ball begins at the top of the long end with potential energy. At the bottom of the hill, the energy is all kinetic. At the top of the loop and the top of the short side, the energy is split between potential and kinetic. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Nose Basher Pendulum: 3rd person view

A pendulum can never have more energy than what was originally put into the system. A pendulum released at a person's nose will not hit the person on the return swing. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Nose Basher Pendulum: 1st person view

A pendulum can never have more energy than what was originally put into the system. A pendulum released at a person's nose will not hit the person on the return swing. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Roller Coaster

At various points on the track, the car will have the same total energy, but it will be split into kinetic and potential energies dependent on its height and velocity. The higher the PE, the lower the KE and vice versa. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Collisions 
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Double Ball Bounce

A tennis ball is held in contact with a basket ball, then the two are dropped as one. The basketball has a higher momentum since is has a higher mass. When they hit, the momentum"switches"; i.e. the tennis ball has a momentum equal to that had by the basketball before the collision. The effect is a very fast moving, high bouncing tennis ball. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Elastic Collisions, equal mass

One cart is at rest when another cart of equal mass hits it. The momentum of the moving cart is transferred to the cart at rest. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Elastic Collisions, B/s mass

One cart is at rest when another cart of higher mass hits it. The momentum of the carts are transferred, giving the smaller massed cart a larger velocity. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Elastic Collisions, s/B mass

One cart is at rest when another cart of lower mass hits it. The momentum of the carts are transferred, giving the larger massed cart a smaller velocity. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Exploding Carts, equal mass

Because these carts are of equal mass, they will have the same velocities and momentums after release. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Exploding Carts, unequal mass

Because these carts are NOT of equal mass, they will NOT have the same velocities after release. Instead, their velocities are inversely proportional to their mass; i.e. the bigger mass will have the smaller velocity. Their momentums will still be equal. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Inelastic Collisions, equal mass

In all cases, the two carts stuck together after the collision will have a momentum that is equal to the combined momentum of the two carts before the collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Inelastic Collisions, B/s mass

In all cases, the two carts stuck together after the collision will have a momentum that is equal to the combined momentum of the two carts before the collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Inelastic Collisions, s/B mass

In all cases, the two carts stuck together after the collision will have a momentum that is equal to the combined momentum of the two carts before the collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, nine balls

In all cases, the momentum of the excited ball(s) will be transferred down the line on balls, exciting an equal amount of balls at the end. For example, one ball given an initial momentum will cause one ball at the opposite end to have the same momentum after collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, eight balls

In all cases, the momentum of the excited ball(s) will be transferred down the line on balls, exciting an equal amount of balls at the end. For example, one ball given an initial momentum will cause one ball at the opposite end to have the same momentum after collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, two balls

In all cases, the momentum of the excited ball(s) will be transferred down the line on balls, exciting an equal amount of balls at the end. For example, one ball given an initial momentum will cause one ball at the opposite end to have the same momentum after collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, one ball

In all cases, the momentum of the excited ball(s) will be transferred down the line on balls, exciting an equal amount of balls at the end. For example, one ball given an initial momentum will cause one ball at the opposite end to have the same momentum after collision. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, only two balls

In this case, the momentum of the excited ball is transferred to the other ball of equal mass. The velocity of the second ball after collision is the same as the first's before the collision due to the conservation of momentum. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, big and small ball

In this case, the larger massed ball has a low velocity. When the momentum is transferred to a lower mass ball, the velocity must go up in order to maintain the conservation of momentum. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Newton's Cradle, all balls

In this case, the momentum of the large excited ball is transferred to balls at the end. The momentum is split primarily between the end three balls, the two inner ones each having a velocity equal to 1/2 of the previous. This gives rise to the doubling in distance seen between the end balls. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Roller Blade Momentum

This demo is a combination of explosive collisions and inelastic collisions. Each roller blader gains momentum with each toss AND catch of the pillow. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Rotation and Angular Momentum 
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Bicycle Wheel and Rotating Platform

The force created by a turning wheel will cause the person on the platform to turn in order to conserve angular momentum. In this case, the wheel begins vertically and the person will rotate left or right depending on the tilt of the wheel. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Bicycle Wheel and Rotating Platform 2

The force created by a turning wheel will cause the person on the platform to turn in order to conserve angular momentum. In this case, the wheel begins horizontally. Turning it vertical makes the person spin, turning it completely over makes the person's speed double. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Bicycle Wheel Gyroscope

Outside torques produced by gravity and friction cause the wheel to be vertical and spin about the axle in order to conserve angular momentum. This is why it's easier to stay on a moving unicycle or bicycle than a stationary one. 
Real

Real
MPG 

Person and Rotating Platform

Due to the conservation of angular momentum, when the rotating person brings the masses closer to his body, he will rotate faster. We have all seen this in figure skating. 
Real

Real
MPG 
