WFU Department of Physics Wake Forest University


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WFU Physics Colloquium

TITLE: Earth-Abundant Metal Chalcogenides: Synthesis, Interface Modification, and Applications in Energy Conversion Devices

SPEAKER: Wenxiao Huang

Ph.D. Defense

TIME: Thursday March 30, 2017 at 3:00 PM

PLACE: Room 101 Olin Physical Laboratory

All interested persons are cordially invited to attend.


Metal chalcogenides (MCs) have attracted significant attention in a variety of energy devices for the wide range of properties that MCs can offer by combining different metal cations and chalcogenides anions. However, the most common MCs used for photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices all consist rare or toxic elements which rises criticism on their candidacy as a solution for future sustainable energy. The focus of this work is to develop low-cost solution methods to synthesize non-toxic earth-abundant MC materials Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) and Sb2S3 for thin-film solar cells and thermoelectric generator. By tweaking the surface chemistry of CZTS nanocrystals, we fabricated CZTS thin-films with high carrier mobility and large grain size without involving hazardous procedure. We also derived ligand-free nanostructured CZTS from aerogel for the first time, and explored its potential application for thermoelectric generator. At last, we’ll show you a planar heterojunction Sb2S3 solar cell with an efficiency of 4.2% fabricated via a simple sol-gel method. Combined with interface modification, we achieved a record-breaking power conversion efficiency 5.3%.

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100 Olin Physical Laboratory
Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, NC 27109-7507
Phone: (336) 758-5337, FAX: (336) 758-6142